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영문법

[영문법-접속사(10)]결과의 부사절을 이끄는 접속사

by Yitzhak 2018. 5. 18.

"결과 부사절을 이끄는 접속사"

부사절을 이끄는 접속사란 무엇인가요?


부사처럼 문장의 수식어 역할을 하는 절을 이끄는 접속사를 말합니다. 이러한 접속사에는 시간, 이유, 조건, 양보의 절을 이끄는 접속사로 흔히들 구분합니다. 다 아시는 것처럼 부사절은 종속절이므로 주절의 앞에 나오는 경우는 ,(콤마)로 구분해서 써야합니다.

결과 부사절 이끄는 접속사


so+형용사/부사+that+S+V : 대단히~해서 (그 결과)…하다.


• John was so busy that he couldn't keep his eyes open.「복문」

= John was too busy to keep his eyes open.「단문」

그는 너무 졸려서 눈을 뜨고 있을 수 없었다.


cf. 아래처럼 이유를 나타내는 부사절로 표현도 가능하다.(☆복문☆)


Because he was sleepy, he couldn't keep his eyes open.

As he was sleepy, he couldn't keep his eyes open.

Since he was sleepy, he couldn't keep his eyes open.

Now that he was sleepy, he couldn't keep his eyes open.

Seeing that he was sleepy, he couldn't keep his eyes open.

On the ground that he was sleepy, he couldn't keep his eyes open.


※ 아래처럼 전치사구를 이용하여 같은 의미로 표현이 가능하다(☆단문☆). 종종 출제가 된다.


Because of his sleepiness, he couldn't keep his eyes open.

Owing to his sleepiness, he couldn't keep his eyes open.

On account of his sleepiness, he couldn't keep his eyes open.

On the ground of his sleepiness, he couldn't keep his eyes open.


• I got up so early that he could catch the first train.「so+부사+that+S+V」

= I got up early enough to catch the first train.「단문」

= I got up so early as to catch the first train.「단문」

나는 첫 기차를 잡을 만큼 충분히 일찍 일어났다.

※ to부정사는 부사적용법으로 쓰였다.


cf. such+a(an)+형용사+명사+that+S+V : 대단히~해서 (그 결과)…하다


• It was such a fine day that we went on a picnic.

= It was so fine a day that we went on a picnic.

날씨가 너무 좋아서 우리는 소풍을 갔다.


• His sadness was such that he nearly exhausted.

그의 슬픔이 너무 커서 거의 탈진할 뻔했다.



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