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영문법

[영문법-접속사(9)]목적부사절의 접속사

by Yitzhak 2018. 5. 17.

부사절을 이끄는 접속사란 무엇인가요?


부사처럼 문장의 수식어 역할을 하는 절을 이끄는 접속사를 말합니다. 이러한 접속사에는 시간, 이유, 조건, 양보의 절을 이끄는 접속사로 흔히들 구분합니다. 다 아시는 것처럼 부사절은 종속절이므로 주절의 앞에 나오는 경우는 ,(콤마)로 구분해서 써야합니다.


목적 부사절 이끄는 접속사


so that+S+may(can/will)+RV : ~하기 위하여


• He worked hard day and night so that he could succeed in his life.

= He worked hard day and night in order that he could succeed in his life.

= He worked hard day and night that he could succeed in his life.

그는 성공하기 위하여 밤낮으로 열심히 일했다.

※ 종속절(that 이하에 조동사 will, may를 써도 좋다.


cf. so as to+RV : ~하기 위하여


• He worked hard day and night so as to succeed in his life.

= He worked hard day and night in order to succeed in his life.

= He worked hard day and night to succeed in his life.

= He worked hard day and night for the purpose of succeeding in his life.

= He worked hard day and night with a view to succeeding in his life.

= He worked hard day and night with the view of succeeding in his life.

= He worked hard day and night with the object of succeeding in his life.

= He worked hard day and night with the intention of succeeding in his life.

그는 성공하기 위하여 밤낮으로 열심히 일했다.

※ 복문(문장이 두개 이상)을 단문으로 고치면 위과 같다.



so that+S+may(can/will)+not+RV : ~하지 않기 위하여


• He woke up early in the morning so that he could not miss the first train.

= He woke up early in the morning in order that he could not miss the first train.

= He woke up early in the morning that he could not miss the first train.

= He woked up early in the morning lest he should miss the first train.

= He woked up early in the morning for fear (taht) he should miss the first train.

그는 성공하기 위하여 밤낮으로 열심히 일했다.

※ 종속절(that 이하에 조동사 will, may를 써도 좋다.


cf. so as not+to+RV : ~하지 않도록


• He woked up early in the morning so as not to miss the first train.

= He woked up early in the morning in order not to miss the first train.

= He woked up early in the morning not to miss the first train.

= He woked up early in the morning for fear of missing the first train.

그는 성공하기 위하여 밤낮으로 열심히 일했다.

※ 복문(문장이 두개 이상)을 단문으로 고치면 위과 같다.


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